pygrace package documentation

pygrace: Python bindings to xmgrace

About Pygrace

pygrace was designed to enable the construction and use of xmgrace projects from Python. pygrace provides a collection of classes that serve as editable templates for elements of a xmgrace project. The inheritance structure of pygrace mirrors the structure of xmgrace.

pygrace Project objects are used to construct and save xmgrace project files (.agr). Project files capture the state of a xmgrace session, including the figures, settings, and current variables.

pygrace project

A more detailed diagram of all the attributes of pygrace template objects can be found at, while a handy cheatsheet of the methods and attributes of each pygrace template class can be found at This cheatsheet can be dynamically generated through use of the write_cheatsheet method, available from the Project class.

pygrace is in active development, so any user feedback, bug reports, comments, or suggestions are highly appreciated. A list of issues is located at, with a legacy list maintained at

Major Features

pygrace provides an object-oriented Python interface for the efficient construction of xmgrace projects (e.g. highly-customizable publication-quality single and multi-figure plots). pygrace provides:

  • an object-relational mapping from Python objects to a xmgrace project

  • an interactive Python-based grace> prompt for xmgrace commands

  • a set of high-level Python functions for drawing xmgrace Graphs

Current Release

The latest released version of pygrace is available from:

pygrace is distributed under a 3-clause BSD license.

Development Version

You can get the latest development version with all the shiny new features at:

If you have a new contribution, please submit a pull request.


pygrace can be installed with pip:

$ pip install pygrace

It is assumed xmgrace is already installed and on the user’s $PATH. xmgrace is available at:

Alternately, xmgrace typically can be installed with most package managers. For example:

$ apt-get install grace # on Linux
$ brew install grace # on MacOS

Installing an Xserver from (xorg, xorg-server, xquartz, or similar, depending on your operating system and package manager) is also required to open the xmgrace GUI.


pygrace requires:

  • python (or pypy), >=3.8

  • setuptools, >=42

  • cython, >=0.29.30

  • numpy, >=1.0

  • mpmath, >=0.19

Additional requirements:

  • xmgrace, >=5.1.14

Basic Usage

start a pygrace project file:

>>> from pygrace.project import Project
>>> plot = Project()

add a Graph to the Project instance:

>>> graph = plot.add_graph()
>>> graph.title.text = 'Hello, world!'

add a DataSet to the graph:

>>> data = [(0, 0), (0.5, 0.75), (1, 1)]
>>> dataset = graph.add_dataset(data)

save the Project to a xmgrace project file (.agr format):

>>> plot.saveall('00_helloworld.agr')

then, open the project file with xmgrace:

$ xmgrace 00_helloworld.agr

find out more about pygrace at or browse some more of the examples at

for example:

$ python
$ xmgrace 05_colorplot.agr


$ python
$ xmgrace 08_latexlabels.agr

we can also work in an interactive xmgrace session:

>>> from pygrace import grace
>>> pg = grace()

use xmgrace methods directly from the Python interpreter:

>>> import numpy as np
>>> x = np.arange(21) * np.pi/10
>>> pg.plot(x, np.sin(x))

push variables into xmgrace and interact with the xmgrace scripting language:

>>> pg.put('x', x)
>>> pg.put('y', np.cos(x))
>>> pg.eval('s0 line color 2')
>>> pg.eval('plot(x,y)')

use the interactive xmgrace prompt:

>>> pg.prompt()
grace interface:
grace> histoPlot(y)
grace> s0 fill color 3
grace> redraw()
grace> exit

check variables in xmgrace session:

>>> list(pg.who().keys())
['x', 'y']
>>> pg.who('x')
array([0.        , 0.31415927, 0.62831853, 0.9424778 , 1.25663706,
       1.57079633, 1.88495559, 2.19911486, 2.51327412, 2.82743339,
       3.14159265, 3.45575192, 3.76991118, 4.08407045, 4.39822972,
       4.71238898, 5.02654825, 5.34070751, 5.65486678, 5.96902604,

get variables back into Python from xmgrace:

>>> cosx = pg.get('y')

use shortcuts for put, eval, and get:

>>> pg.z = 0.5
>>> pg('print(z)')
>>> pg.z + cosx
array([ 1.5       ,  1.45105652,  1.30901699,  1.08778525,  0.80901699,
        0.5       ,  0.19098301, -0.08778525, -0.30901699, -0.45105652,
       -0.5       , -0.45105652, -0.30901699, -0.08778525,  0.19098301,
        0.5       ,  0.80901699,  1.08778525,  1.30901699,  1.45105652,
        1.5       ])

delete variables from xmgrace:

>>> pg.delete('x')
>>> pg.delete('y')

save the current session to a project file, then exit:

>>> pg.saveall('histoPlot.agr')
>>> pg.exit()

start a new interactive xmgrace session from the saved project:

>>> pg = grace(project='histoPlot.agr')

More Information

Probably the best way to get started is to look at the documentation at Also see pygrace.tests for a set of scripts that demonstrate several of the many features of pygrace. You can run the test suite with python -m pygrace.tests. Also see for examples that demonstrate the construction of xmgrace project files (.agr). includes examples of using python to interact with a live xmgrace session. The source code is relatively well documented, so some questions may be resolved by inspecting the code itself. However, please feel free to submit a ticket on github, or ask a question on stackoverflow (@Mike McKerns). If you would like to share how you use pygrace in your work, please send an email (to mmckerns at uqfoundation dot org).


If you use pygrace to do research that leads to publication, we ask that you acknowledge use of pygrace by citing the following in your publication:

Michael McKerns, Dean Malmgren, Mike Stringer, and Daniel Stouffer,
"pygrace: Python bindings to xmgrace", 2005- ;

Please see for further information on an earlier version of pygrace developed by Dean Malmgren, Mike Stringer, and members of the Amaral Lab, and later maintained by Daniel Stouffer and members of the Stouffer Lab. This code has been merged into the original pygrace developed by Mike McKerns.


print citation

grace(*args, **kwds)

Start xmgrace and read from the pipe controlled by pygrace.

bufsize – int, size of the buffer used. xmgrace won’t

respond to sent commands that haven’t been flushed from the buffer, however the speed should improve with buffering. Default is -1, which provdes full buffering. bufsize=0 signifies no buffering.

debug – bool, if True, each command passed to xmgrace is

also sent to stderr. Default is to not debug.

fixedsize – tuple, used to set the fixed size of the

grace canvas. Default is None, which causes the grace window to be freely resizable.

ask – bool, if True, xmgrace will ask before overwriting

a file, clearing the display, etc. Default is to not ask.

safe – bool, if True, xmgrace will ignore commands like `saveall’,

which write to files. Default is not to be overly safe.

batch – str, path to command batch_file to be executed on startup

of xmgrace. Default is to not use a batch file.

project – str, path to xmgrace project file (.agr) to be executed

on startup. Default is to use the xmgrace default project.


print license

Indices and tables